Yener, Hande & Erdmann, Rafael & Jariyavidyanont, Katalee & Mapossa, Antonio & Focke, Walter & Hillrichs, Georg & Androsch, René. (2022).
Slow-DEET-Release Mosquito-Repellent System Based on Poly(butylene succinate).
Bio-sourced and biodegradable poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) strands containing up to 40 m% mosquito-repellent N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) were obtained by extrusion, for an initial evaluation of the DEET evaporation characteristics and the possible application of such strands as biodegradable slow-release repellent-delivery devices. For DEET concentrations up to 20 m%, DEET is entrapped in the semicrystalline spherulitic superstructure of PBS. In contrast, at higher DEET concentrations, the liquid repellent, at least partially, is not fully incorporated in the PBS spherulites rather than segregates to form an own macrophase. Quantification of the release of DEET to the environment by thermogravimetric analysis at different temperatures between 60 and 100 °C allowed estimation of the evaporation rate at lower service temperatures, suggesting an extremely low release rate with a time constant of the order of magnitude of 1–2 years at 25 °C, independent of the initial concentration.